Bioconnections for regenerative & circular cities

Framework of bioconnected solutions supporting urban regeneration considering Doughnut's ecological/social boundaries

Version 1.0 (14 October 2021)



This is the first version of the 'Bioconnections for a regenerative and circular built environment' framework which aims to structure possible pathways for the regeneration of the ecological and social boundaries of the Doughnut Economics (DE) and Planetary Boundaries (PB) models. 

Bioconnectivity or bioconnections refer to the solutions, initiatives, interventions, or strategies that promote the reconnection between humans and nature, ensuring adequate stewardship, maintenance, and regeneration of biodiversity, enabling the provision of ecosystem services sustainably into the future.

As a first version published in the journal Urban Planning, it still has space for improvement and development of the other boundaries not addressed in the paper. Also, it is still to be developed with a complete methodology for its implementation. 


Why use it?

a. It presents a nature‐based response to the PB and DE models of ecological and social boundaries from a local scale and built environment perspective;
b. It offers a bioconnections framework for the development of new urban areas or transition of existing ones under regenerative and circular lenses.


Who is it for?

Policymakers, urban planners and designers, and other built environment professionals/practitioners.



Sala Benites, H., & Osmond, P. (2021). Bioconnections as Enablers of Regenerative Circularity for the Built Environment. Urban Planning, 6(4). 





    James Magnus-Johnston

    Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

    Using this model for planning purposes at the university

    Kimberly Byrd

    Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

    The Doughnut of Justice forms the foundation of my sustainability teaching. I'm excited about collaborating/co-creating!

    Ishaan Ajay

    Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

    I plan to work in making cities in the global south more resilient, flexible and adaptable.

    Aleksandra Kekkonen

    Tallinn, Harjumaa, Estonia

    I'd like to find similar-minded people and get inspiration to make Tallinn Doughnut, participate in joint projects

    Henrique Sala Benites

    Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

    Engage with other like-minded people and stay up-to-date with the latest advances regarding the Doughnut Economics.

    Evelyn Canelas Santiesteban over 2 years ago

    Excellent contribution Henrique¡

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