Bioconnections for regenerative & circular cities

Framework of bioconnected solutions supporting urban regeneration considering Doughnut's ecological/social boundaries

Version 1.0 (14 October 2021)



This is the first version of the 'Bioconnections for a regenerative and circular built environment' framework which aims to structure possible pathways for the regeneration of the ecological and social boundaries of the Doughnut Economics (DE) and Planetary Boundaries (PB) models. 

Bioconnectivity or bioconnections refer to the solutions, initiatives, interventions, or strategies that promote the reconnection between humans and nature, ensuring adequate stewardship, maintenance, and regeneration of biodiversity, enabling the provision of ecosystem services sustainably into the future.

As a first version published in the journal Urban Planning, it still has space for improvement and development of the other boundaries not addressed in the paper. Also, it is still to be developed with a complete methodology for its implementation. 


Why use it?

a. It presents a nature‐based response to the PB and DE models of ecological and social boundaries from a local scale and built environment perspective;
b. It offers a bioconnections framework for the development of new urban areas or transition of existing ones under regenerative and circular lenses.


Who is it for?

Policymakers, urban planners and designers, and other built environment professionals/practitioners.



Sala Benites, H., & Osmond, P. (2021). Bioconnections as Enablers of Regenerative Circularity for the Built Environment. Urban Planning, 6(4). 




    Don Dwiggins

    Northridge, Los Angeles, California, United States of ...

    I've been interested in the economic aspects of sustainability for many years, beginning with a focus on relocalizing economies.

    Sarah R. Filley

    Whitehall, Michigan, United States of America

    I spent 4 years researching the regenerative frameworks for a new prosperity index. HERE IT IS, the unifying theory I dreamed of.

    Léon Gross

    Berlin, Deutschland

    I am co-initiator of Donut Berlin. Our goal is to bring the Doughnut to Berlin and Berlin into the Doughnut.

    Stephen Hinton

    Hofors kommun, Gävleborgs län, Sverige

    Finding ways to put doughnut into action, especially into the circular economy.

    Luciana Maia

    Erfurt, Thüringen, Deutschland

    I am really fascinated about the doughnut approach.

    Evelyn Canelas Santiesteban over 1 year ago

    Excellent contribution Henrique¡

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