Doughnut for Urban Development: A Toolkit

A workshop-style toolkit to apply core principles of the Doughnut for Urban Development in practice

A toolkit designed for developers and other actors in the building industry to implement the core principles presented in the "Doughnut for Urban Development - A Manual". It is designed in a workshop format that goes from concept to action, helping organizations to create building projects within social and planetary boundaries. The toolkit can be used in an organizational level (strategy) or/and in the building project level.

Why use it?
The toolkit simplifies complex content, guiding users from understanding core concepts to applying them at both organizational and project levels. It emphasizes a long-term perspective to tackle global challenges within social and planetary boundaries. Additionally, it aids in regulatory compliance and supports alignment with international agreements. Embracing the Doughnut framework not only enhances reputation but also appeals to conscious consumers and attracts responsible investors.

Who is it for?
The Toolkit is designed for developers, spanning both organizational and project levels of engagement with internal and external stakeholders. Beyond developers, architects, planners, engineers, and local government officials are also encouraged to utilize it in their urban development efforts, facilitating workshops for effective Toolkit implementation. Success depends on facilitators who ask challenging questions to spur transformative innovations, rather than offering specific advice.

How long does it take?
The toolkit is designed for optimal utilization over a total of 6 hours, split into two days, with a minimum of 1 day between Part 2 and Part 3.

The breakdown of hours per part is as follows:

·         Part 1 – Introduction: around 30 minutes of presentation.

·         Part 2 – Diving Deeper: A total duration of 3 hours, where the individual task of reading takes about 5 minutes per card, and the group activity takes about 15 minutes per card.

·         Part 3 – Application: The total duration is 2.5 hours, divided by the two exercises. 

It's essential to emphasize that while the entire process can be completed in a single day, due to the complexity and amount of content to be learned we strongly recommend dividing the workshop into two separate days with time for participants to digest the content in between.

How many people is it for?
The workshop has no maximum limit on the number of participants and can be tailored to suit the specific needs of the organization. However, it is advisable to have a minimum of 3 participants, and it is recommended to work in pairs or groups of 3-5 during the activities.

What materials do you need?
The toolkit offers various materials that can be printed or accessed online, designed for in-person workshops. These materials are cost-effective and customizable, available in A4 and A3 formats for easy printing. They can be modified using common digital tools like PowerPoint, Word, and Miro. It's worth noting that all resources are free, as the Doughnut for Urban Development is an open-source project. 

The essential workshop materials include:

  •  the Manual (in Danish and English)
  • an introductory slide deck, 
  • discussion cards, 
  • impact area sheets, 
  • social & ecological wheels, 
  • two Matrix (Unrolling the Doughnut and Concept to Action matrix), 
  • a C-Level letter and a letter to practitioners. 

These tools are crucial for engaging participants in learning about Doughnut for Urban Development concepts effectively. Other additional materials are also available on the website. 


What does the facilitator need to know or be able to do?

For a successful workshop, facilitators should take the following steps:

  • Familiarize Yourself: Begin by thoroughly reading the book "Doughnut for Urban Development - A Manual" to become well-versed in the concepts and principles. For a deeper understanding of Doughnut Economics, explore additional resources on the Doughnut Economics website.
  • Understand the Scope: Recognize that the Toolkit can be applied at both the organizational and building project levels. This understanding will help you tailor the materials and discussions to match the specific goals and scope of the workshop.
  • Review all documents available: Start from “How to Guide for Workshop Facilitators”, followed by "Introductory slide deck for participants”, and so on. In the PowerPoint slide deck, the explanatory text for each slide is in the notes. Feel free to modify and customize the content to suit the workshop's objectives and the needs of your organization, keeping the core concepts. 



Thank you to Realdania who funded the creation of the Toolkit. This Toolkit was created by Juliana Rodrigues, Jeppe Bennett Krabbe, and Dani Hill-Hansen at EFFEKT. A special thank you to Kasper Guldager Jensen, Co-founder - Home.Earth, Kim Revald, Senior Sustainability Manager - Velliv, Pension & Livsforsikring A/S and Simon Stig-Gylling, ESG Manager and Sustainability Lead - PFA Pension for being part of the co-creation process. 

Furthermore, a special thank you to Leonora Grcheva and Andrew Fanning of the DEAL Team, who reviewed this tool and provided feedback, assisting in the development.

The Toolkit was inspired by the DEAL workshop methodology. 

The Doughnut for Urban Development – A Manual was co-edited by Dani Hill-Hansen and Kasper Guldager Jensen and co-created BUILD - Department of the Built Environment, DTU - Technical University of Denmark, Doughnut Economics Action Lab (DEAL), Rådet for Bæredygtigt Byggeri, EFFEKT, Home.Earth, SLA, Sweco, Stockholm Resilience Centre and Tegnestuen Vandkunsten.

If we have missed anyone, please let us know so we can acknowledge your contribution here.



The workshop Toolkit materials are available to download as a zipfile (see also the attachments at the bottom of this page). from Doughnut Economics Action Lab - DEAL website:  

Doughnut for Urban Development – A Manual and Resources are hosted on the DEAL Community platform (also available at

To learn more about EFFEKT or give feedback on this tool please visit:






    Amandine GIRARD-HERVE

    Orléans, Loiret, France

    As a facilitator, I hope to share tools and workshops and I hope to bring more tools in French to the community.

    Laura Payne


    Humanitarian sector experience and passion.

    Dr Peter Jeffs

    Devizes, UK

    A holistic practitioner looking to build more resilience into his practice and the world.


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