Meet the Economy

Exploring the four core spheres of activity at the heart of the economy: the market, state, household and commons

Version 1.0 (September 2020)


This series of lessons introduces the four core spheres of economic activity: the market, the state, the household and the commons. It explores how these can provision for our needs and looks and what it might mean to create a healthy balance between them for a thriving economy. The first lesson starts with the student’s experience of the economy and introduces the Embedded Economy. Lessons 2 and 3 introduce each of the four spheres of activity and explore their very different qualities and caveats. And the final lesson draws them together to explore the tensions, power and synergies between them.


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Lesson Outcomes

  1. Learn about the market, state, household and commons and explore their qualities and caveats
  2. Think critically about what a healthy balance across these four spheres of activity might look like
  3. View the four spheres of activity through one’s own lived experience

Who is it for?

Educators | Students aged 16+ | Communities


How long does it take?

4 x 90 minute lessons
One day-long workshop (6 hours)


How many people is it for? 

10 - 40


What materials do you need? 

Screen or projector, 3 large sheets of paper or boards to write on, materials for the creative expression (see lesson four, part 3)



Original content by Kate Raworth. Lesson plan written by Rob Shorter and Kate Raworth.  Additional contributions from Carlota Sanz, Andrew Fanning and Stephanie Leite.


Open the lesson plan in Google Docs
Open the accompanying presentation in Google Slides




    Tom Owen-Smith

    Lambeth, London Borough of Lambeth, England, United Ki...

    I’m keen to learn and share ideas on applying Doughnut Economics in my own life and for universities and higher education

    Bence Szokoly

    Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain

    I am on a mission to make change and I think the Doughnut is the way to go!


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