National Doughnuts Data Explorer

Version 1.0 (September 2020)


This external website is hosted by the University of Leeds, and it has been designed to let you visualise and compare the environmental and social performance of nations relative to the doughnut-shaped “Safe and Just” development space. 

The purpose of this interactive website is to foster and inform public discussion about the meaning of a “good life” and what it could look like in a world that lives within planetary boundaries. This discussion is vital – and urgent – because the results show that no country currently meets basic needs for its residents at a globally sustainable level of resource use.

Some ideas for exploring the data

Here are a few ideas to dive into this interactive website (on your own, in a group, or a classroom):

  • How does your country do with respect to living within the Doughnut?
    • Visit the 'Country Comparisons' page and select a country of your choice. Consider why you think it performs as shown, and where you think it’s going next. Compare with other countries. 

  • Do you see any patterns across countries in terms of how they perform on the social and ecological dimensions of the Doughnut?
    • Consider the 'bubble chart' on the Home page, and ask where would the Doughnut's 'safe and just space' be on this chart? Can you identify broad pathways towards the Doughnut for different nations?
  • What are the interconnections between countries?
    • No country is an island – they are inextricably linked and interdependent through trade, migration, colonial legacy, and many other ways. Can you think of how to show these interconnections, and explore whether they can be transformed to bring all countries within the Doughnut?

Discussion with Dan O'Neill

For a discussion of the implications of this study, watch this video in which Giorgos Kallis interviews lead author Dan O’Neill about whether a good life can be extended to all people.

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The methods and results underpinning the data used on this website have been peer-reviewed and are published in the following scientific journal article:

O’Neill, D.W., Fanning, A.L., Lamb, W.F., and Steinberger, J.K. (2018). A good life for all within planetary boundaries. Nature Sustainability 1, 88-95.

The data visualisations and content on the website were developed by Andrew Fanning and Dan O’Neill, with valuable contributions from William Lamb at MCC; Julia Steinberger and Peter Edwards at the University of Leeds; Kate Raworth at DEAL; and Katherine Trebeck at the Wellbeing Economies Alliance. Funding was generously provided by the Leeds Social Sciences Institute Impact Acceleration Account in association with the ESRC, and with additional in-kind contributions from each of the participating institutions listed above.


Open the ‘Good Life For All Within Planetary Boundaries’ interactive website
Please cite the Nature Sustainability article if using the results from the website or if you would like to download and use the data.

Who's using this tool?

    Willem Londeman

    Hi everyone,

    I found the video very interesting, especially the graph part.

    Does anyone know which countries are represented as the highest dots at 8:46 into the video. I'm most interested in the few dots that represent "above 70 years healthy life expectancy", but still "before 10 tonnes of CO2 emissions per person".

    Kind regards,


    11 months ago

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